What is Easter the Celebration of? Uncovering Its Meaning & History.

what is easter the celebration of

Easter is a holiday celebrated by millions of people around the world. This celebration is typically associated with springtime, and many families look forward to the festivities and traditions that come with it. However, beyond the bunnies and chocolate eggs, Easter holds deep religious significance for Christians worldwide.

Understanding the origins and symbolism of Easter can enhance our appreciation of this joyous holiday. In this section, we will explore the overall meaning and historical background of Easter. We will discuss its religious significance and the various traditions associated with this celebration.

The Origins of Easter: A Historical Overview

Easter has a long and complex history that can be traced back to ancient pagan festivals. The name “Easter” itself is believed to have originated from the pagan goddess Eostre, who was associated with the spring equinox.

However, the religious significance of Easter began with the resurrection of Jesus Christ, which is central to the Christian faith. The events surrounding the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus are recounted in the New Testament of the Bible and have been celebrated by Christians since the first century.

The Influence of Christianity

As Christianity spread throughout the world, it absorbed and adapted many of the existing pagan customs and traditions, including those associated with springtime festivals. For example, the symbolism of eggs and rabbits, both fertility symbols, were incorporated into the Christian celebration of Easter.

The date of Easter was also established by the Christian church, and it is celebrated on the first Sunday following the first full moon after the vernal equinox. This date varies each year but generally falls between March 22 and April 25.

The Easter Story

The Easter story is the centerpiece of the Christian celebration of Easter. According to the Bible, Jesus Christ was crucified and buried, but rose from the dead on the third day. This event, known as the resurrection, is celebrated on Easter Sunday and is seen as the ultimate triumph of good over evil.

The resurrection of Jesus has great theological significance in Christianity. It represents the victory of Christ over death and sin, and provides a path to salvation for believers. Easter is thus a deeply spiritual time for Christians, marked by prayer, reflection, and celebration.

The Spread of Easter Around the World

As Christianity spread throughout the world, so too did the celebration of Easter. However, different cultures adapted the holiday to their own customs and traditions. For example, in Greece, it is customary to dye eggs red to symbolize Christ’s blood, while in Mexico, the Easter season is marked by elaborate processions and street performances.

Today, Easter is celebrated in many different ways around the world, with a wide variety of customs and traditions. Despite these variations, however, the religious significance of the holiday remains a constant for Christians everywhere.

The Significance of Easter in Christianity

Easter is the most important event in the Christian calendar. It commemorates the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead after his crucifixion. This miraculous event is celebrated by Christians all over the world as a sign of hope, redemption, and eternal life.

In Christianity, the resurrection of Jesus represents the triumph of life over death and sin. It is seen as a symbol of the ultimate sacrifice made by Jesus for his followers and the promise of eternal life for those who believe in him.

The resurrection of Jesus is a fundamental aspect of Christian theology. The apostle Paul, in his letter to the Corinthians, wrote, “if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is in vain and your faith is in vain” (1 Corinthians 15:14). Therefore, the resurrection is the cornerstone of the Christian faith.

Christians celebrate Easter as a time of new beginnings and renewal. It is a time of reflection, fasting, and prayer leading up to the celebration of Jesus’ resurrection on Easter Sunday. Easter Sunday marks the end of the Lenten season and the beginning of a new season of joy and hope.

The Easter story is an essential part of Christian education and is taught to children in churches and schools around the world. It is a reminder of the enduring power of faith, hope, and love and continues to inspire and uplift Christians everywhere.

Easter Traditions: Customs and Symbols

The celebration of Easter is steeped in tradition, with a variety of customs and symbols that have evolved over time. These practices help to create a festive atmosphere, bringing families and communities together to honor this holy holiday.

Easter Eggs

One of the most well-known Easter traditions is the decoration and hiding of Easter eggs. The egg has long been a symbol of new life and rebirth, making it a fitting representation of the resurrection of Jesus Christ.

Eggs are often dyed in bright colors and adorned with intricate designs, making them a beautiful and festive addition to any Easter celebration. In some cultures, eggs are exchanged as gifts or used in traditional games and competitions.

The Easter Bunny

Another popular Easter symbol is the Easter bunny, a charming and whimsical creature that has become synonymous with the holiday in many parts of the world.

The origins of the Easter bunny are somewhat murky, but many historians believe that it has its roots in ancient fertility myths and pagan traditions. In modern times, the Easter bunny is often depicted as a friendly and helpful animal that brings joy and treats to children on Easter morning.

Easter Lily

The Easter Lily is a beautiful and fragrant flower that has come to represent the spirit of Easter in many Christian communities. Its pure white petals are said to symbolize the purity and innocence of Jesus Christ, while its trumpet-like shape is a reminder of the trumpet sound that will herald His return.

Today, Easter lilies are often used to decorate churches and homes during the Easter season, providing a fitting tribute to this joyful and meaningful holiday.

Easter Around the World: Diverse Celebrations

Easter is celebrated in many different ways around the world, and each country has its own unique customs and traditions associated with the holiday.

In Greece, the celebration of Easter begins with the observance of Lent, during which time people fast and attend church services. On Holy Thursday, Greeks dye eggs red to represent the blood of Christ and bake a special bread called tsoureki. On Easter Sunday, the traditional meal consists of lamb, red eggs, and sweet breads.

In Mexico, the week leading up to Easter is known as Semana Santa, or Holy Week. Mexicans celebrate with parades and processions, often featuring large, elaborate floats that depict scenes from the Bible. On Easter Sunday, families attend church services and enjoy meals together, often featuring dishes like mole and tamales.

In Brazil, Easter is celebrated with a combination of religious and secular traditions. On Good Friday, Brazilians attend church services and participate in processions that reenact the crucifixion of Jesus. On Easter Sunday, families gather for large feasts that often feature roasted meats, cassava, and sweets like chocolate eggs and Easter cakes.

Easter Eggs and the Easter Bunny

One of the most popular Easter traditions around the world is the decorating and hiding of Easter eggs. In many countries, including the United States, children participate in Easter egg hunts, searching for eggs that have been hidden by the Easter Bunny.

The Easter Bunny itself is a symbol of new life and fertility, and is often associated with the arrival of spring. Many cultures have similar traditions involving rabbits or hares, which have long been seen as symbols of renewal and rebirth.

Easter in Other Parts of the World

In Ethiopia, Easter is known as Fasika and is celebrated with a special overnight church service that begins on Saturday evening and lasts until early Sunday morning. On Easter Sunday, families gather for feasts that typically include a stew made with lamb and injera, a type of sourdough flatbread.

In Russia, Easter is celebrated with a traditional feast that includes eggs, cheeses, and a type of sweet bread called kulich. Russians also attend church services and participate in processions that feature elaborate floats and religious icons.

In Australia, Easter falls during the autumn season, and families often celebrate with barbecues and outdoor activities. Australians also enjoy hot cross buns, a type of spiced bread that features a distinctive cross on top.

Easter Today: Modern Observance and Commercialization

Easter is one of the most widely celebrated holidays in America. While its religious significance remains central to the celebrations of many, commercialization has also played a significant role in shaping how the holiday is observed today.

The commercialization of Easter began as early as the 19th century, when candy makers began marketing chocolate eggs as a symbol of the holiday. Over time, the marketing of Easter-related products has expanded to include everything from Easter baskets and toys to clothing and home decor. In fact, the National Retail Federation estimates that Americans spend billions of dollars each year on Easter-related merchandise.

While commercialization has undoubtedly contributed to the popularity and accessibility of Easter, it has also drawn criticism for detracting from the holiday’s true meaning. Some argue that the focus on buying and consuming during Easter takes away from the importance of prayer, reflection, and gratitude.

Despite these criticisms, the commercialization of Easter continues to shape the way the holiday is celebrated in America and around the world. For many, Easter has become a time to gather with family and friends, attend church services, and participate in a variety of festive activities. From Easter egg hunts to parades and other community events, there is no shortage of ways to celebrate this beloved holiday.

Easter Today: Modern Observance and Commercialization

While Easter remains a deeply religious holiday, its observance has evolved over time. In today’s culture, Easter is often associated with commercialization and consumerism.

Marketers leverage Easter as a time to promote various products, from candy and flowers to greeting cards and decorations. This commercialization has led some critics to argue that the holiday has lost its religious meaning in favor of consumerism.

Commercialization and Consumerism

The commercialization of Easter has been a topic of debate among religious leaders and scholars. Some argue that the focus on buying and consuming Easter-related products detracts from the deeper spiritual significance of the holiday.

At the same time, many people enjoy the festive and lighthearted aspects of Easter, such as egg hunts and decorating Easter baskets. While these traditions may not have a deep religious significance, they bring joy and celebration to the holiday.

The Modern Easter Celebration

Today, Easter is celebrated in many different ways around the world. In the United States, families often gather together for Easter dinner and exchange gifts and candy.

Churches hold special services and processions to commemorate the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Many people also participate in secular traditions such as Easter egg hunts and visits from the Easter Bunny.


While commercialization and consumerism have become a part of the modern Easter celebration, it is important to remember the holiday’s religious roots and significance. Regardless of how it is observed, Easter remains a time for reflection, renewal, and celebration.


Q: What is Easter the Celebration of?

A: Easter is the celebration of the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, as described in the New Testament of the Bible.

Q: What is the history of Easter?

A: Easter has ancient origins that can be traced back to pagan festivals celebrating the arrival of spring. Over time, it became associated with the resurrection of Jesus Christ and the Christian faith.

Q: What is the religious significance of Easter?

A: Easter is considered the most important event in Christianity. It commemorates the resurrection of Jesus Christ, which is central to the Christian belief in salvation and eternal life.

Q: What are some traditions and symbols associated with Easter?

A: Easter is associated with various traditions and symbols, including the decorating and hunting of Easter eggs, the Easter bunny, and the cross. These customs often represent new life, rebirth, and the victory of good over evil.

Q: How is Easter celebrated around the world?

A: Easter is celebrated in diverse ways across different cultures and regions. Each country has its own unique customs and traditions, such as processions, feasts, and special religious services.

Q: How has the observance of Easter evolved over time?

A: The observance of Easter has evolved with the influence of modern society. It has become commercialized, with the marketing of Easter-related products. However, the core religious significance remains central to the celebration.